A component of organizational development in business context, team building has also been applied in various other fields, including sports, academics, or just a group of individuals working for a particular cause.
Development of a Team
There are four stages of team formation. An efficient team is formed after going through these four stages.
- Forming - Team members get to know each other and their roles in the team.
- Storming - Members come up with ideas which are discussed within the team.
- Norming - Differences pertaining to ideas are resolved.
- Performing - A perfect team is created and the performance graph goes upwards.
Effective Team Building Skills
As a leader, you need to know that team building doesn't happen on its own. You will get a group of people, but you need to put in some efforts to carve that group into a perfect team which can yield good results.
Therefore, it's important that the team leader ensures that every person in the team gives his best. This is, in fact, one of the most important skills that the leaders need to inculcate in their team.
At the same time, it's also important that all the team members are aware of their responsibilities and limits. Untoward behavior, if any, should be promptly dealt with.
Leaders can work to ensure that there is proper bonding within the team, and personal differences, if any, are promptly resolved. Trust doesn't just refer to trust within the team members, but also the trust of the organization leadership on the team.
Once the team understands this, they will indeed work as a single unit which will eventually show in the performance of the organization.
Ideally team building workshops feature various games and activities which can provide members of the team a work-friendly environment and bring out the best in them. All these efforts are undertaken only to ensure optimal performance from available resources. Optimal performance is the best measure of proper team functioning.