He is extremely jealous of those who outperform him; he goes out of his way to please his boss and manipulates people for his benefit; he never appreciates your hard work and is too dominating. Meet the toxic leader, he is someone who uses an approach that harms the employees and eventually the company.
The phrase 'toxic leader' was framed in 1996 by Marcia Whicker to describe leaders in different fields who because of their dysfunctional qualities cause significant harm to people.
A toxic leader has various traits that are obviously completely different from the qualities of a good leader. Read the list to get a better understanding, some of the descriptions may overlap, as many of the characteristics are interconnected. The more of these traits that a leader has, the more toxic he is considered.
They will not even listen to others opinion, as they are convinced that they are right. In fact, they firmly believe that they are the only ones who are right. They surround themselves with people who do not oppose them. As a result of this inflexibility, with time the company becomes stagnant and nonproductive.
Toxic leadership may be intentional or unintentional; leaders who on purpose harm others to further their ambition are intentional toxic leaders. There are leaders who due to their carelessness and incompetency cause a lot of harm to others, these are the unintentional toxic leaders.
There are many examples of toxic leadership of both types. They are present in corporates, schools, colleges, the military and elsewhere. A study in 2003 by the U.S. Army War College gave hints of toxic leadership in the U.S. Army. All the officers involved in the study said they had been victims of such leadership at some time in their career.
It can be extremely difficult to deal with a toxic leader. Not only can they ruin your career, but they can also have a terrible effect on your mental health.
You can also try to formulate a strategy to oust the leader. If the leader is highly corrupt, you can consider getting the media involved. If none of these methods work, then it is best to bid adieu to the leader and start afresh.